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什么是英语中古老的词汇

来源:西安翻译公司    发布时间: 2017-08-18 16:08


      

什么是英语中古老的词汇

  Some of the oldest words in English have been identified, scientists say. 科学家们笃信,他们找到了英文中古老的翰墨.

  Reading University researchers claim "I", "we", "two" and "three" are among the most ancient, dating back tens of thousands of years.

  Their computer model analyses the rate of change of words in English and the languages that share a common heritage.

  科研员工们经过每个计算机模子,对英文词语转变和没落的概率实行了解析测算,并呈现出话语的一般成长进程.

  The team says it can predict which words are likely to become extinct--citing "squeeze", "guts", "stick" and "bad" as probable first casualties.

  钻研预测,"挤"、"胆子"、"木棍"和"坏"将很或许成为起先被废弃和灭绝的词语."We use a computer to fit a range of models that tell us how rapidly these words evolve," said Mark Pagel, an evolutionary biologist at the University of Reading.

  At the root of the Reading University effort is a lexicon of 200 words that is not specific to culture or technology, and is therefore likely to represent concepts that have not changed across nations or millennia.

  "We have lists of words that linguists have produced for us that tell us if two words in related languages actually derive from a common ancestral word," said Professor Pagel.

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